First aid refers to basic medical emergency care and treatment to assist in minimizing the consequences of more serious injury or illness until medical health assistance is available. A lot of businesses require their employees to be trained in first aid as stated in the regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514). However, the type and extent of the training depending on the job specifics. Those who work in high-risk environments such as factories, machinery, and industrial plants should be equipped with basic first aid knowledge.

Accidents are unpredictable. Because of this, the individual should be properly trained with the right method and equipment to ensure better safety for everyone. Without proper first aid, a simple injury could turn into something serious and unfortunately many fatalities cases reported to be the result of accidents and lack of immediate medical treatment.

First aid does not just quicken the recovery process, but it also helps to saves lives. If someone ingests something hazardous substances or having health-related issues like a heart attack or cardiac arrest, a person who is knowledgeable in first aid becomes more than just a bystander. Instead, they become valuable support not only to the victims but also to emergency responders and medical practitioners. It only takes four to ten minutes for the human brain to die due to lack of oxygen. A person with first and CPR knowledge can do so much in assisting the injured person.

When an accident occurs, most of the time we hesitate to help people because we have no clues about what should be done and hoping someone else can come to help. One act of kindness can mean the difference between life and death, this is enough reason for anybody to learn first aid. Just imagine if your life has been saved because someone decided to administer first aid or initiate CPR. Every person must get CPR Training Malaysia.

In order to perform CPR, the American Heart Association (AHA) has proposed a guideline to follow. Previously, the sequence for CPR was Airway, Breathing, and Compression (ABC) and has now changed to Compression, Airway, and Breathing (CAB). In 2010 the recommended rate was at least 100 compressions per minute. 2015 now target compression rate of 100-120 per minute. Besides, 2015 guideline now target depth for adult chest compression to be between 2-2.4 inches (5-6 cm). According to some studies, chest compression beyond the depth may result in other injuries such as rib fractures. The guideline also recommended CPR cycle of 30 chest compressions with two rescue breaths in all ages.

The guideline also emphasized on Hands-Only CPR for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). For lay rescuers trained in CPR, it is reasonable to provide chest compression with two rescue breaths for the adult with or without a barrier in OHCA. High-quality chest compressions are most valuable in saving a life. Even if you do not know anything else, chest compression is better than nothing.

Therefore, first aid knowledge is vital. It is beneficial not only as an individual but also as a whole in society. From a young age to the elderly, trained people with first aid skills can always be prepared to help in any event of a medical emergency whether at home, work, school or public areas.