Living organisms that depend on other organisms (host), to feed, survive and reproduce, are called parasites. Parasites are dependent on the hosts; animal, plant, or human beings, for their existence and growth. As these parasites need their hosts in order to continue living and to multiply, they do not kill them. But they can spread diseases which can be very harmful to the health of the host. Malaria, Giardiasis, Trichomonas, and Cryptosporidiosis are some of the common infections that are caused by parasites.
Infections are usually transmitted through these types of parasites:
- Helminths: These are multicellular organisms, living in or on our bodies, and are usually called worms. Flatworm, fluke, tapeworm, pinworm, and spiralis are some of the examples of helminths.
- Protozoa: These are unicellular organisms that can survive and reproduce by living inside the body of the host. Malaria is an example of a disease which is caused by protozoa.
- Ectoparasites: Mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas are some of the examples of this type of parasite. These parasites usually reside and feed on your skin.
There are different symptoms depending upon the individual and the type of parasitical infection. One should consult a doctor to diagnose the disease before assuming anything. Following are some of the symptoms of the parasite infection:
- body pains
- skin rash
- weight loss
- nausea and vomiting
- itching and redness
Anyone can get infected from these parasites, but the chances of infection increase if you live in unhygienic conditions, have a weak immune system, or if you live in polluted areas. You cannot run away from these harmful parasites; they are everywhere. But you can at least take some measures to prevent them:
- Consume clean water: It is important to drink clean water for a healthy life. Contaminated water can lead to an increase in harmful parasites inside your body which can affect your gut, intestine, liver, etc. You can carry your own water bottle to work and in case you are out of town, make sure to drink water from the sealed bottles only.
- Prefer fresh food: You should develop the habit of eating fresh fruits and vegetables instead of eating canned and frozen food. This habit may take a while to develop; but you should make a routine of going for the grocery shopping and re-stocking your fridge with fresh food, at least once a week.
- Prefer natural medication: Instead of jumping onto the antibiotics, try and find parasite prevention which is a much more permanent method of guarding yourself. Mimosa Pudica, commonly known as touch-me-not plant, is known for its strengths to fight against these harmful parasites. Consuming this herb, in the form of health supplements, will help you to strengthen your immune system.
- Practice safe sex: Unprotected sex is the most common method through which you can catch an infection. It is better to take precautions than to regret later.
- Take precautions while traveling: No matter what the surroundings are, you should act responsibly and take your precautions all along. Keeping a hand sanitizer, avoiding public bathrooms, avoiding street food, using mosquito repellent are some of the precautions that you can easily take.