Physiotherapy, types and benefits for health

In 1968, the World Health Organization defined physiotherapy as “the art and science of treatment through therapeutic exercise and physical agents such as heat, cold, light, water, massage and electricity.” For its part, the World Confederation for Physiotherapy (WCPT) states that it is “the set of methods, actions and techniques that, through the application of physical agents, cure, prevent, and recover patients susceptible to receiving physiotherapy treatment”.

This discipline intervenes in a positive way in the patient’s health in several ways. Physiotherapy clinic in Newmarket can help to combat the symptoms of some pathologies, since the techniques used can act against pain and inflammation of muscle and joint injuries and to fight some diseases, such as those of the skin (acne, psoriasis and jaundice).

Many of the exercises used in this discipline are intended to reeducate postural behaviors and improve the body in order to prevent diseases and discomfort in people at risk for certain factors. It is also indicated, in many cases, to cushion and stop the impact of the effects produced by degenerative diseases or brain injuries, such as multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Parkinson’s.

To achieve these effects, a multitude of techniques are used, which can be divided according to the tools and means used. The first of these, manual therapy, is carried out through the physiotherapist’s own hands, one of his main tools. In this group we can include respiratory physiotherapy, which aims to prevent possible respiratory dysfunctions, restore the development and optimal maintenance of lung function, and improve the quality of life of the patient. It is a valid therapeutic tool that has the doctor, in general, and the pulmonologist, in particular, to help the respiratory patient.

This group also includes neurological physiotherapy, which is based on the set of therapies that treat nervous system disorders to educate the postural tone, synergies and pathological neuromotor patterns and is indicated for people with Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis or ALS. The physiotherapeutic intervention in Neurology is not based on guidelines or protocols on how the application of a certain strategy should be. These strategies do not always yield the same results, so it is necessary that the physiotherapist assess the achievements and difficulties that may arise.

In addition, as manual therapy, massage therapy, kinesiotherapy, orthopedic manual physiotherapy, manual methods of reeducation of postural behavior, analytical stretching, obstetric physiotherapy or diacutaneous fibrolysis can be considered.

Another group of techniques is that performed by physical and natural agents. This group includes electrotherapy or ultrasonotherapy, techniques that consist of the application of electric currents or ultrasound on certain areas of the body; thermotherapy and cryotherapy, methods that use cold or heat; hydrotherapy, which uses water as a therapeutic method; mechanotherapy and pressotherapy, which refer to those treatments in which the use of mechanical devices is necessary, and magnetotherapy and phototherapy, which consist in the development of a treatment through electromagnetic fields.

The physiotherapy plays a key role as a tool for improving health, since, inaddition to curb the impact of the effects of certain neurodegenerative diseases or reeducate postural behaviors may have a preventive character as it is recommended for all those who want maintain an optimal level of health.