Physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy can play an important role in the development of a child with CP. Physiotherapy usually starts as soon as the diagnosis is made.
There are two main goals in physiotherapy.
- One of them is to prevent the weakening of the musclesthat are not used normally and the other is to prevent the muscles from tensing in a rigid position, known as contracture.
- Contractures occur in children with spastic cerebral palsy.
Physical therapists teach children a variety of exercises they can do daily to strengthen and stretch their muscles. In addition, orthopedic braces for arms or legs can be used to stretch their muscles.
Conductive education and speech therapy
Another approach to treatment is conductive education. This can help them cope with movement problems and gain some control through special education and rehabilitation. Conductive education can also be used in Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis, along with other conditions. This improves the mobility, self-esteem, endurance and independence of the infant.
Children with this condition also need speech therapy and speech therapy that helps them develop facial muscles. These therapies also help with eating, drinking and swallowing and improve nutrition. These language and speech therapies help the child speak clearly. If your communication difficulties are severe, the therapist can teach you an alternative method of communication, such as sign language. Speech therapists may require special equipment, such as a computer connected to a speech synthesizer.
According to the characteristics of each clinical picture and the individual needs of children, different types of medication should be prescribed: anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants and tranquillizers and antidepressants. These medications can reduce muscle tone and excessive unwanted movements.
Surgery is recommended when contractures are severe enough to cause mobility problems. Surgeons can lengthen muscles and tendons that are proportionally too short. However, they must first identify exactly which muscles are shortened, because if the wrong muscle is lengthened the problem can get worse.
Occupational therapy helps individuals with epilepsy develop skills to perform daily tasks and encourages them to live independent lives.
This includes activities such as dressing themselves, using the bathroom etc.
Aid for mobility
Many of the mobility aids are used to improve movement and mobility. This includes orthopedic equipment, wheelchairs and walkers. Physical methods for the relief of spasticity that include heat, cold and vibrations. Splints can help improve the range of motion of the joints. This helps the movement of the ankle joint.
Treatment of complications
The treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms and complications such as reflux disorders, poor nutrition, dental problems and constipation are part of the treatment of patients with cerebral palsy. Other complications such as pulmonary problems of aspiration pneumonia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia need to be treated.